Which are better: Bone Marrow or Adipose Derived Stem Cells?

In the race from body to petri dish Bone Marrow Stem Cells (BMSC) has been the standard bearer among research scientists since their discovery in the 1960’s. They have the advantage of being well-known and easily understood by researchers. The primary downside to BMSCs from the beginning has been the clinical difficulty harvesting the cells from bone marrow derived from the pelvis of the donor. This bone marrow harvesting procedure generally requires general anesthesia and is painfully difficult for the patient.

Embryonic Stem Cells, when available, were the preferred choice of many doctors until the philosophical question of the beginning of life was raised and left unanswered. The utilization of human fetuses and umbilical cords for the purpose of research has been banned in the U.S. for several years.

Adipose Stem Cells (ASC), a more recent discovery, have been shown to be easily harvested by modern techniques of liposuction with very little pain or discomfort. Liposuction is a simple office procedure without the need for general anesthesia and provides the donor with a cosmetic improvement as a secondary consequence to the attainment of large quantities of ASCs.

ASCs, besides being easy to harvest, have been shown to have 100-500 times more stem cells than an equal volume of bone marrow. When intended for immediate use, the Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) of the centrifuged fat contains all of the stem cells and can be used interchangeably with the isolated, cultured adipose stem cell product.

There is an increasing amount of research in the field of restorative medicine, so we are working with the Adicyte Company to harvest and make available to our patients at a future date their own adipose stem cells harvested today by liposuction. In the near future when research has become sophisticated enough to offer treatments based on autologous stem cells, your stem cells can be retrieved, thawed out and used for stem cell therapy as if they were brand new. Current therapies currently under protocol include re-growing cardiac muscle after heart attack, treating autoimmune and immunological diseases and re-growth of cartilage in damaged knees and shoulders. There is even some preliminary work in a treatment for certain cancers also.

 

Dr. Paul Howard now offers stem cell storage with your adipose tissue (fat) – learn more

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